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Coconsulting - a basic structure


Coconsulting is a peer process where people take equal times helping each other. As long as the consultant (helper) is sincerely interested in helping the client, in a way the client can accept, then many methods will work.

The rest of the note gives some suggestions for a basic structure and method that will work in most cases. It may be particularly helpful for people who are starting to learn and use coconsulting. Reviewing what works and learning from experience are built into the process, so simply doing coconsulting will help you do it better and better.


Before you start

Agree a time to meet, how long for, the vehicle (face to face, phone etc.) and where.

Remind each other of the “rules”. Have equal time and take turns, keep attention on the client's concerns, confidentiality, use an acceptable method of working.

Decide who will go first.

Now you know what to do and what to expect.

As consultant

Listen, pay attention to the client, look interested, don't listen to your own inner chatter, remember your job is almost always to help your client progress not to solve the problem for the person, remember that the client is doing her or his best, however it may appear.

The clearer you are about your role, the easier and the more effective it will be.

It can be helpful to occasionally summarise what you have heard and play it back to the client in your own words. Check you have got it right.

This helps the client know she or he has been heard and to clarify if necessary.

Stages of a session

  • Listen warmly to the client's story. Notice everything, their energy, contradictions, assumptions, posture, tone of voice. Don't interrupt!

This helps the client feel supported, valued and heard. This may be enough to help them find a solution.

  • Ask questions that help the client think more broadly or deeply about the issue or see it from a different point of view.

This will help the client develop new insights

  • Ask, “What have you concluded?” and listen to the response. Then ask “What do you need now?”

The answers might be “More listening” or “Nothing, I know what to do”. So listen some more or go straight to reviewing the session, below. The client may say “A solution!” If s(he) does.

  • Ask “What is your best idea now about a way forward?”

The client will own an idea they created so will want to act on it.

  • If the client seems stuck, say, “Would you like an idea or two from me?” If you get a “yes”, offer your ideas, gently.

Be careful, make it clear that it is entirely the client's decision about what to do. You won't be the least upset if they think your ideas are absurd. Offer your ideas tentatively so it is easy for the client to reject or build on them.

  • Ask, “What have you decided to do?”

We often know what to do. The critical step is deciding to do it. If your client says “I'll try to...” or “I might....”, it's worth asking her or him to rephrase it to “I've decided to....”.

Finally, review the session.

  • Ask “What are the one or two things you will take away from this session, what was good about it, if we did it again what could we do to make it better?”

The first question gives you an idea of the value you added, the last two help you learn from what works and possibly how to do it even better. They will help you get better and better at delivering coconsulting.

As client

  • Be open and honest about your thoughts, feelings, wants and experiences. Take a calculated risk of trusting the consultant and the process.

The more open you can be the easier it will be for the consultant to be there for you and be truly helpful.

  • Be assertive with the consultant. Say what you want, explicitly. If you don't feel listened to, say so. If some questions help, or don't, say so. Remember this is your time for you.

If you do this, you are more likely to get what you want and your consultant will learn too.

  • Have fun with this. You don't have to talk about “problems”. It's remarkably rewarding to use your time to celebrate, even show off, about something you've done you are proud of.

You will learn more about why it was so good, what you did to make it so good, and you'll be inspired to do it again!


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Contact me

Phone +44 (0)1707886553, or +44(0)7879861525 email or Skype nickheap

Using these materials
I am entirely happy for you to use or draw on any these materials in any way you think will be helpful. I am keen to have my work, and the work of the people I have learned from, used.  


The language on this site is correct UK English throughout. There are differences in spelling and meaning between UK and US English. The context should make the material understandable in the US.

Further Information

There are free articles, exercises, designs, book references and links to other sources about many aspects of personal, team, management and organisation development on this website. I will add other resources as I learn what you want.

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